Proceeding s of the Fourteenth Annual Conference on “Child Agency and Parenting: Building the Future Society”
The fourteenth Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Society of Sociologists, Social Workers and Anthropologists (ESSSWA) was held onFebruary23 and 24, 2018.Previousannual conferences of ESSSWA have given adequate focus and coverage on broad areas of social development issues related to citizen‘s social protection, social change and culture, GTP 2 and social inclusion, social change and culture. This fourteenth Annual Conference will advance a new theme –“Child Agency and Parenting: Building the future Society”, inviting specialized research abstracts from professionals in the fields of Sociology, Social work and Anthropology and related fields. Sociologically, agency is the capacity of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices. By contrast, structure is those factors of influence such as social class, social norms, religion, gender, ethnicity, customs, etc.) that determine or limit an agent and his or her decisions. Child agency implies that children are not passive agents of their circumstances; they are rather active and dynamic actors in situations that affect their well-being. However, this ability is affected by the cognitive belief structure which one has formed through one's experiences, and the perceptions held by the society and the individual, mostly, the socializing agent.